The city of Manhattan’s Chinatown is one of the neighborhoods located in Lower Manhattan, New York City, that borders the Lower East Side to its east, Little Italy to its north, Little Italy to its Civic Center to its south, along with Tribeca towards its West. It is estimated to have a population range between 90,000 and 100,000 residents; Chinatown is home to the largest concentration of Chinese residents in the Western Hemisphere. The Manhattan Chinatown is also among the most storied Chinese ethnic communities. Chinatown is one of the oldest Chinese enclaves in Manhattan. Manhattan Chinatown is one of nine Chinatown areas located in New York City, New York, and one of 12 in the New York metropolitan area, with an enormous Chinese population outside Asia. Chinese community outside of Asia was estimated to be 893,697 people who were unifacial in 2017.
In the past was that Chinatown was mainly home to Cantonese natives. In the 1990s and 1980s, Fuzhounese speakers flooded into the area. Immigrants came to the site and established an annexation of a neighborhood to the eastern part of Chinatown east of The Bowery, which has been dubbed Little Fuzhou, subdivided away from the predominantly Cantonese population of the original long-time founded Chinatown of Manhattan due to its proximity to The Bowery going west, called Little Hong Guangdong/Kong. Since many Fuzhounese and Cantonese residents now speak Mandarin–the official language of Mainland China and Taiwan–and their languages, it makes it even more critical for Chinatown residents to learn to speak Mandarin. At the same time, it is now being surpassed in size by the rapidly expanding Flushing Chinatown. H&A Power Washing NYC
In the latter half of the 1980s and into the 1990s, when an enormous number of immigrants from Fuzhou who, in general, were fluent in Mandarin in addition to their native Fuzhou dialect, started moving into New York City, they were the only group of Chinese not from China to settle in Manhattan’s Chinatown. Since the Chinatown neighborhood was populated mainly by Cantonese residents who spoke Fuzhou, the immigrants from Fuzhou encountered difficulties integrating into the area linguistically and culturally. In the end, they settled along the eastern edge of the Manhattan’s Chinatown to the east, which is now The Bowery, which during the time was a more over-spreading population of Chinese and Puerto Ricans and Jewish and also had a large number of vacant apartments and were much more affordable than the more Chinese-speaking enclaves of Flushing as well as Elmhurst. Many Fuzhou immigrants did not have a legal identity and had to be forced to take low-paying work.
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