Jackson Heights is a neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the borough of Queens, New York City. Jackson Heights is neighbored by North Corona to the east, Elmhurst to the south, Woodside to the west, northern Astoria (Ditmars-Steinway) to the northwest, and East Elmhurst to the northeast. Jackson Heights has an ethnically diverse community, with half the population being foreign-born since the 2000s. According to the 2010 United States Census, the neighborhood has a population of 108,152. The site of Jackson Heights was a vast marsh named Trains Meadow until 1909, when Edward A. MacDougall’s Queensboro Corporation bought 325 acres (132 ha) of undeveloped land and farms.
The Queensboro Corporation named the land Jackson Heights after John C. Jackson, a descendant of one of the original Queens families and a respected Queens entrepreneur. Further development arose through the evolution of transit, and “garden apartments” and “garden homes” soon became prevalent in Jackson Heights. During the 1960s, Jackson Heights’ white middle-class families began moving to the suburbs, and non-white residents started moving in.
Jackson Heights in Queens, NYC, retains much of its residential character in the modern-day. It also has numerous commercial establishments clustered around 37th Avenue and several side streets served by subway stations. Much of the neighborhood is part of a national historic district called the Jackson Heights Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. Part of the neighborhood was placed in a New York City historic district of the same name in 1993.
Most of the original neighborhood, comprising the garden city apartment buildings, was made a National Register Historic District and a New York State Historic Register District. The Jackson Heights New York State and National Register Districts range from 93rd Street through 69th Street between Northern Boulevard and Roosevelt Avenue. Some property fronting on Northern Boulevard and Roosevelt Avenue and some “cut-outs” are not inside the Register Districts. The national historic district called the Jackson Heights Historic District includes 2,203 contributing buildings, 19 contributing sites, and three contributing objects. Over 200 original Queensboro Corporation apartment buildings still exist in Jackson Heights among the landmarked buildings. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. H&A Power Washing
Jackson Heights is among the most diverse neighborhoods in New York City and the nation. Half of the population was foreign-born by the 2000s. Jackson Heights is home to many South Americans (particularly Colombian, Ecuadorian and Argentinian), Indians, Pakistanis, Tibetans, Nepalese, and Bangladeshis. (Because of its large and vibrant Tibetan community, it has been called “the second (if unofficial) capital of the exile Tibetan world, after Dharamsala, India.”) Most businesses are Asian- and Latino-owned, and there are restaurants, bakeries, specialty shops, legal offices, bars, and beauty salons. There is a Little India on 74th Street and a Little Pakistan and Little Bangladesh on 73rd Street. There is also a large concentration of South Americans east of 77th Street, especially a Little Colombia along 37th Avenue.
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